straight up
"The hope is that in not too many years, human brains and computing machines will be coupled together very tightly, and that the resulting partnership will think as no human brain has
ever thought."
J.C.R. Licklider, Albert Vezza and an
early mini-computer

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J.C.R. Licklider | Man-Machine Symbiosis <1960>

In 1960, J.C.R. Licklider was one of the few scientists who saw the computer's potential as a collaborative partner in the creative process. During his tenure as Director of the U.S. government's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), Licklider had the vision to support controversial but critical research that led to the rise of human-computer interactivity and the personal computer.

He saw the potential for a dialog between man and machine, a symbiotic partnership that would unleash tremendous creative potential, made possible by the ease, immediacy and flexibility of a keyboard and real-time graphics display.

Licklider considered the computer as an intelligent partner. It was his intent to engage in meaningful reciprocity with the computer, to endow it with increasingly responsive behavioral attributes, that led to the emergence of the computer as a collaborator in the creative process.