In 1960, J.C.R. Licklider was one of the few scientists
who saw the computer's potential as a collaborative partner
in the creative process. During his tenure as Director of the
U.S. government's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA),
Licklider had the vision to support controversial but critical
research that led to the rise of human-computer interactivity
and the personal computer.
He saw the potential for a dialog between
man and machine, a symbiotic partnership that would unleash
tremendous creative potential, made possible by the ease, immediacy
and flexibility of a keyboard and real-time graphics display.
Licklider considered the computer as an intelligent
partner. It was his intent to engage in meaningful reciprocity
with the computer, to endow it with increasingly responsive
behavioral attributes, that led to the emergence of the computer
as a collaborator in the creative process.