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"Our goal of augmenting the human intellect... will exhibit more of what can be called intelligence than an unaided human could... by organizing his intellectual capabilities into higher levels of synergistic structuring."
oNLine System (NLS) demonstration at the 1968 Fall Joint
Computer Conference

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Douglas Engelbart | Augmentation <1968>

Douglas Engelbart is one of the most influential thinkers in the history of personal computing. He is best known as the groundbreaking engineer who invented such mainstays of the personal computer as the mouse, windows, e-mail, and the word processor. Engelbart led one of the most important projects funded by ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) in the 1960s: a networked environment designed to support collaborative interaction between people using computers. It was dubbed the NLS (oNLine System). This historic prototype, developed at the Stanford Research Institute, and unveiled in 1968 at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco, influenced the development of the first personal computer and the graphical user interface at Xerox PARC in the early 1970s.

Engelbart reasoned that networked computing would not only make individuals more intellectually effective; it would enable a collaborative method of sharing knowledge. The linking of people and computers using this approach to interactivity would result in the use of computers to "solve the world's problems" by augmenting the capacities of the mind's intellectual faculties.