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Since the invention of the electric telegraph by Samuel Morse in the 1830s, commentators have been noting the transformation of our concepts of space and time by wired technology. From the telegraph to the telephone to television to satellite communications, modern telecommunications has eradicated geographic borders, and made speed a central factor in modern life. This effect was commonly acknowledged as long ago as 1868, when, at a banquet held in honor of Morse's life achievement, he was toasted for having "annihilated both space and time in the transmission of intelligence. The breadth of the Atlantic, with all its waves, is as nothing."