the years immediately after the War, under the shadow of the
atomic bomb, the scientific establishment made a concerted effort
to apply recent advancements in technology to humanitarian purposes.
In this climate, Norbert Wiener
completed his groundbreaking theory on cybernetics. While Wiener
did not live to see the birth of the personal computer, his
book, The Human Use of Human Beings, has become de rigeur for
anyone investigating the psychological and socio-cultural implications
of human-machine interaction. Wiener understood that the quality
of our communication with machines effects the quality of our
inner lives. His approach provided the conceptual basis for
human-computer interactivity and for our study of the social
impact of electronic media.